Different Types Of Medical Sutures And Their Features

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Polypropylene Suture
23June 2022

Suturing refers to sewing wounds using a dedicated needle and thread-based tools by medical professionals. Medical sutures serve as the best tool doctors use to perform surgical operations that can help with healing and prevent any scarring caused by injuries. Two soft tissues are bound together through durable and completely safe thread-like materials that help speedy recovery of the wounds.

They are various medical sutures made available by the best surgical suture suppliers in India and used by professionals worldwide. These are categorized under two heads which are absorbable and non-absorbable. As evident from the name, absorbable sutures are entirely absorbed by the skin and do not require any removal procedure by doctors. On the other hand, non-absorbable sutures must be removed after a wound heals. We have listed various surgical sutures for their different indications and uses in medical procedures. These are as below:

1. Polyglycolic Acid Sutures:

Polyglycolic acid sutures are absorbable sutures that surgeons use due to their high tensile strength and better handling. These are coated with Polly glycolic acid that delivers maximum power and does not cause any harm to the soft tissues of the body. Doctors mainly use these for skin closure, plastic surgeries, and orthopedics-based surgical processes.

2. Chromic Catgut Sutures:

Chromic Catgut Sutures are characterized by their high tensile strength and twisted structure. Serving as one of the best absorbable surgical sutures, these are manufactured using purified connective tissue that enables the binding of soft tissues without any damage or reaction. These enable uniform absorption and allow hassle-free handling by doctors. Moreover, these are used for urology, obstetrics, gastrointestinal, and gynecology-based surgical operations. 

3. Polyester Sutures:

Polyester sutures fall under the category of non-absorbable sutures and are best known for their incomparable tensile strength. Used predominantly for cardiovascular surgeries, these offer tissue support and do not cause any reaction. 

4. Black Braided Silk Sutures:

Black Braided Silk Sutures are also among the best and most dependable surgical non-absorbable sutures. Comprising of an organic protein, these are used for soft tissue approximation and cardiovascular and neurological procedures. These are characterized by their excellent handling, high flexibility, and best-in-class knot security. 

5. Poliglecaprone 25 Sutures:

Falling under the category of monofilament synthetic absorbable sutures, Poliglecaprone sutures are known for their reliable tissue support, synthetic material, microscopic structure, and unmatched absorption rate. These have a predictable absorption rate and time, making them perfect for plastic surgery, skin closure, and gastrointestinal-based surgeries.

Apart from all the times mentioned above, medical sutures made available by top suture manufacturers can also be categorized based upon the type of materials and the number of filaments used. Monofilament sutures use a single strand of silk, stainless steel, polyamide, or polypropylene-based material. On the other hand, Multifilament sutures use more than one braided and structured filament for better tensile and knot strength.

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